Tuesday, May 23, 2017
Monday, May 22, 2017
Sébastien Cathiard said that he began harvest in 2015 on 12 September. Harvest lasted three days, and he said that he experienced no sanitary problems with the grapes. All grapes were destemmed. The wines are 12.5-13.5º alcohol with very little chaptalization. New oak is 50% for villages wines, 55-67% for premier crus and the grand cru. Sébastien always does a mixture of remontage (pumping over) and pigeage (punching down); in 2015, he did a bit more pigeage than in 2014. Macerations lasted 24-27 days. Malolactic fermentations were late: En Orveaux was the first to finish, in April 2016, and when I visited in November, there were still some barrels of Malconsorts going. (Continue reading here.)
Saturday, May 20, 2017
My review of these wines tasted in autumn 2015 is here. The wines were bottled beginning in January 2016 with the Chambolle-Musigny through March 2016 for the Musigny.
Technical director François Millet compares 2014 to 2011 and 2007 in the sense that there was a warm spring followed by a less sunny summer. But as good as those two earlier years were here, this group is on a higher level still. (Continue reading here.)
Friday, May 19, 2017
Technical director François Millet said that yields were low due to the June and July dryness in 2015. In August, there was just enough rain, and harvesting began on 3 September. Malolactic fermentations finished in July.
Although I don’t taste the white wine when I visit (because the volume is so small), in 2015 it appears that the estate will issue it as Musigny once again (the last 20-odd vintages have been declassified to Bourgogne as a result of replanting in the early 1990s; as there is no white wine permitted for the Chambolle-Musigny appellation, if the wine is not labelled Musigny, it must be declassified to Bourgogne). (Continue reading here.)
Saturday, May 13, 2017
Friday, May 12, 2017
This estate was created in the 1970s by a Parisian pharmacist, first in Mercurey, then it moved to Beaune. It is now in Meursault.
Over the years, the domaine expanded greatly (the first purchase of Côte d’Or property was only in 1995), but much of the production was sold to négociants. Today, the estate comprises 22 ha and 30 appellations, fifteen in each color, and with the emphasis on estate bottling. The Côte Chalonnaise holdings, which at one time had been as high as 13 ha, are now 4 ha, with the remainder being in the Côte d’Or.
Aude and Guillaume Lavollée became the third generation to run the estate, beginning in 2008. The immediately began changes in the vineyards, converting the estate to organic viticulture. Beginning with the 2011 vintage, the estate was entirely organic and certification was achieved in 2015.
There is excellent quality here. Especially for those who are frustrated because the allocations of so many estates of long recognition are full, this is a property to look for.
Harvesting in 2015 began on 2 September with the whites. For the reds, the premiers crus and grands crus from the Côte de Nuits have 20-40% whole cluster, except for the Clos-Vougeot, which has 80% whole clusters. For the reds, malolactic fermentations finished rather early.
The grapes were not cooled in 2015 and remontage (pumping over) was used rather than the more extractive punching down, because the terroirs here naturally give structure, said Guillaume Lavollée. Usually, fermentation goes for 2-3 weeks; in 2015, it was 17-18 days. After that, the wines spend 10-12 months in barrel, then six months in cask. For the reds, 20% new oak except for the Bougogne. (Continue reading here.)
Friday, May 5, 2017
Dominique Lafon began harvesting the whites on 27 August. As you can see below, malolactic fermentations were quite slow for some wines, and some placed in stainless steel to finish their malos before being returned to barrel.
These are some of the best 2015 whites that I have encountered. (Continue reading here.)
Thursday, April 13, 2017
Dominique Lafon said that for the reds, he began harvesting with the Clos des Chênes on 31 August; the Monthélie was harvested on 5 September. The grapes were almost all destemmed (exception for the Clos des Chênes). Malolactic fermentations finished in February. Dominique expected to bottle the Monthélie in March or April, the others a little later.
As usual here, we begin with the reds:
Monday, April 10, 2017
Domaine Emmanuel ROUGET (Flagey-Échézeaux) -- 2015 Tasted from Barrel
Emmanuel Rouget said that he began harvesting on 11 September (in 2016, it was 1 October). He waited to harvest because he had blockages of maturity, and he doesn’t regret having waited. Despite the blockages of maturity, his wines came in at or near 14º alcohol with no chaptalization. He said that although it rained for about half the time he harvested, it didn’t have an effect because he used cases that drain.
As usual here, the grapes were entirely destemmed. Malolactic fermentations finished in June, and he said that the wines have evolved well since then.
As at almost all the estates where I taste, the regional and village appellations showed extremely well, but what is especially notable here is that Rouget managed to get extra quality from his top wines that many other producers did not in 2015. (Continue reading here.)
Sunday, April 9, 2017
Nicolas Groffier said that he began harvesting on 5 September. Yields in 2015 were just 17 hl/ha, making for an even smaller vintage than 2016, a fact that is rather amazing when one considers that most of the estate’s land is in Chambolle-Musigny and regional appellations below the route nationale, areas that were severely affected by the 2016 frost.
There was a little chaptalization, mostly in Gevrey-Chambertin, taking the wine fro 12.2/3º to 13º. As detailed below, there was some whole cluster beginning at the village wine, but not for the two regional wines. Nicolas held back the malolactic fermentations so that they only began in May (and finished in June). He says that the wines did not advance with the malolactic fermentation, reminding him of 2005. He added that the wines need a lot of air, making him think of 2005 and 1995 — beautiful wines to store for 15+ years.
Nicolas is the third generation of producer that I have visited at this estate; the wines have always been very good here, but he is bringing greater purity to the wines, fitting with contemporary Burgundy standards. With the tiny yields in 2015, you’ll be lucky to come across these wines, but they will provide excellent wine. (Continue reading here.)
Saturday, April 8, 2017
Ghislaine Barthod said that harvesting began on 5 September and took five days. As always, the wines here are completely destemmed. Malolactic fermentations finished in April and May. Overall production is roughly comparable to 2011 and 2013, less than one would like (and in 2016, production is way down due to the frost).
As always, this is a cellar of wonderful wines from start to finish. The compression of quality in 2015 that I have mentioned is most evident here – as wonderful as the top wines, are, the entry-level wines are not much less in quality. Barthod’s top wines can close up for quite some time after their initial open phase, so if you are looking for her wine to drink while waiting for the premiers crus, don’t overlook the fabulous Bourgogne. (Continue reading here.)
Friday, April 7, 2017
Wednesday, April 5, 2017
Louis Boillot said that he began harvesting on 31 August with the Les Angles in Volnay (13.5º natural alcohol). The harvest lasted 5-1/2 or six days, and yields varied from 20 hl/ha to 35, depending on the parcel.
As always, Louis destemmed completely. He acidified a few Côte de Beaune wines but did not chaptalize any wines (the lowest alcohol for the vintage is 12.8º). He did not pigeage (punching down), only remontage (pumping over) in order not to over-extract. The wines spent 18 days in the fermentation tanks instead of the typical 22. New oak is about 20-25%. (Continue reading here.)
Tuesday, April 4, 2017
Sunday, April 2, 2017
Recent Beaujolais Wines Drunk -- Part I
The good news is that each year brings the discovery of more producers of quality. However, quantities in recent years have been mixed (and in 2016, as in Côte d’Or, some properties had very small or essentially non-existent crops), and quality, too.
Many 2014s are classic Beaujolais, light and with fresh, expressive fruit. Others, however just seem rather pinched.
The 2015s are all over the lot. I’ve heard of alcohols as high as 17%, although the highest I’ve come across have been stated alcohols of 14.5% (which, of course, is still very high for Beaujolais and could in fact be even higher). The big surprise is that the stated alcohols don’t give any clue to the freshness in the wines. Some at 13% stated alcohol lack freshness, others at 14.5% have freshness and balance. When the wines are good, they are very, very good; but not all are, and some can be very, very bad.
The first two 2016s I tasted are listed below under Guignier (very early bottling — drunk in February) show a lot of promise for the vintage.
Friday, March 31, 2017
I mentioned in my original overview of the 2015 vintage that as superb as the wines were, do not overlook the 2014 vintage, which also produced plenty of great wine. Dujac is one of the most important examples of that rule.
Thursday, March 30, 2017
Domaine DUJAC (Morey-Saint-Denis) -- 2015 Part III: Whites Tasted from Tank
Whites at Dujac were harvested on the last four or five days of August. Malolactic fermentations for the whites were very rapid. (Continue reading here.)
Tuesday, March 28, 2017
Monday, March 27, 2017
Domaine DUJAC (Morey-Saint-Denis) -- 2015 Part I: Village, Premier Cru, and One Grand Cru Reds Tasted from Barrel
Jeremy Seysses said that harvesting of the reds began about the 7th of September and finished on the eve of the 11th of September. Crop is about the size of 2013, which is 70% of a normal crop. He picked for moderate alcohols and did chaptalize a little for some wines. This was a large whole cluster crop with about 90% overall, but he did less pigeage (punching down of the cap) than in 2014 in order not to over-extract. Fermentations were on the warm side with 30-32ºC as the target; a few wines did get up to 35ºC. Malolactic fermentations finished in early spring.
The vintage is very successful here, even in the context of the overall quality of 2015. (Continue reading here.)
Sunday, March 26, 2017
Dujac Fils & Père is the négociant arm associated with Domaine Dujac. These are good wines, but as you’ll see in subsequent posts, especially for the village wines, not on the same level as the estate wines.
About 25% new oak on these wines. (Continue reading here.)
About 25% new oak on these wines. (Continue reading here.)
Friday, March 24, 2017
Domaine de la VOUGERAIE (Premeaux-Prissey) -- 2015 Part II: Whites Tasted from Bottle and Cask/Tank Samples
Domaine de la VOUGERAIE (Premeaux-Prissey) -- 2015 Part I: Red Wines Tasted from Bottle and Cask Samples
Reds here were harvested between 5 and 15 September. All the red wines are raised in 1/3 new oak, 1/3 one-year barrels, and 1/3 two years. Generally, malolactic fermentations finished in December 2015 and January 2016, although as noted below, the Musigny was late to finish. Most of the bottling was expected to take place in December 2016 and January 2017.
Pierre Vincent, who in 2006 succeeded Pascal Marchand in making the wines here, left the domaine at the beginning of 2017 to take over winemaking duties at Domaine Leflaive in Puligny-Montrachet.
The vineyards are farmed biodynamically. (Continue reading here.)
Wednesday, March 22, 2017
Joseph DROUHIN (Beaune) -- 2015 Part IV: Côte de Beaune and Côte Chalonnaise Whites Tasted from Bottle and Cask Samples
These Côte de Beaune and Côte Chalonnaise whites from Drouhin are on the whole representative of the vintage in whites — some good beyond expectations for the vintage, others not bad but lacking some inspiration.
Interestingly, some very late harvesting of the whites, along with some early harvesting. (Continue reading here.)
Saturday, March 18, 2017
Miscellaneous 2015 Red Loires: Amirault-Grosbois, Bellivière/Nicolas, Carsin du Bouëixic/Clos de l'Élu, Grosbois, and Janvier
The ripeness of 2015 makes it an excellent vintage for reds (the whites can sometimes be too ripe). Add to that the fact that the frosts of 2016 largely destroyed the crop in that vintage means that the 2015s are truly wines for Loire fans to stock up on. (Continue reading here.)
Friday, March 17, 2017
Joseph DROUHIN (Beaune) -- 2015 Part II: Côte de Nuits Village and Premier Cru Wines Tasted from Cask Samples
Thursday, March 16, 2017
Joseph DROUHIN (Beaune) -- 2015 Part I: Côte Chalonnaise and Côte de Beaune Reds Tasted from Bottle and Cask Samples
The story of the vintage here is similar to elsewhere: early and rapid flowering, some fungal diseases that were, however, successfully treated, dry July that retarded veraison (turning of color of the grapes) a little, rain in August that provided freshness and ripening for the grapes. The heat over the summer provided for ripe grapes and tannins and thickened the grape skins.
Harvesting began on 2 September. The health of the grapes and uniform ripening due to the rapid flowering meant that there was very little sorting of the grapes required. Yields for the Côte d’Or reds were low to very low. Generally vinifications lasted two to three weeks and were adapted to the conditions of the vintage in order to preserve freshness and elegance. In particular, there was no bâtonnage (stirring of the lees), but the wines were kept on the lees in order to preserve freshness.
Drouhin’s estate vineyards have been farmed biodynamically since at least 1996. (Continue reading here.)
Wednesday, March 15, 2017
Jean-Marie Fourrier said that harvesting began on 1 September and lasted six days. As usual, all wines were fermented without whole clusters. Malolactic fermentations began and finished early: by mid-February, most had finished. He expected to bottle the wines in February 2017.
As for the vintage, he compared it to a cross between 2009 and 2010 in style.
The wines for the rich collectors have become the Clos Saint-Jacques and the Griotte-Chambertin, but look at the whole lineup and you’ll see that one can do quite well with the premiers crus and even the village wines, and for much better value. (Continue reading here.)
Tuesday, March 14, 2017
Domaine Henri GOUGES (Nuits-Saint-Georges) -- 2015 Reds Tasted from Barrel, a 2015 White Tasted from Bottle, and a 2014 Red Tasted from Bottle
Gregory Gouges said that with the dry summer, the grass in the vineyards took water from the vines in 2015. As a result, he removed a number of grape bunches over the summer. Harvesting began on 1 September and lasted 4-1/2 days. Importantly, he was able to keep the acidity. Overall, yield was just 24 hl/ha., ranging from 18 hl/ha for the Vaucrains (the lowest) to 33 hl/ha for the Clos des Porrets-Saint-Georges (the highest). (The estate was hit hard by the freeze in 2016, and overall yield is only 16 hl/ha for the estate in 2016, although Gregory says that the quality is very good; some wines, such as the Chènes Carteaux, will not be produced in 2016 because the quantities were so small.)
The grapes here were entirely destemmed, as is customary. Malolactic fermentations were early because of the warm winter, and all were finished by mid-January. Gregory expected an early bottling, beginning in December 2016. Alcohols range from 12.7º to 13.3º.
These are very good wines, but as is the case with so many estates, don’t loose sight of the outstanding 2014s. (Continue reading here.)